The saxophone was invented by the Belgian Adolphe Sax in 1840 and patented in France on March 21, 1846 under the number 3226 . It is a wind instrument and belongs to the woodwind family. In the patent application, Sax justified his invention with the lack of good sounding woodwind instruments in the lower register. The first saxophone built by Adolphe Sax was a bass instrument in C. However, he designed the new instrument from the outset for voices from soprano to sub-double bass, alternating between fourths and fifths. He envisaged the C / F tuning for use in the symphony orchestra, while the B / Eb tuning was intended for military music. The C and F instruments are rarely manufactured today and never had the significance that they should have had after their inventor. Only the C melody saxophone was built until the 1950s and was widely used in jazz. In 1929 Henri Selmer took over the Paris workshop from Adolphe Sax and became the official holder of his patent rights. In 2010 Henri Selmer Paris celebrated the company’s 125th anniversary. Saxophones by Henri Selmer Paris, especially the Mark VI, have meanwhile achieved cult status and are among the products with outstanding craftsmanship. Only with the advent of jazz did the real triumph of this instrument, with its very variable sound and large dynamic range, begin. It has now become one of the most popular solo instruments in concert and dance music, and many well-known soloists have formed their own bands or combos.